Medical Research concerning Chaga
There is much foreign medical research on chaga. And Chaga is reported to be the highest in anti oxidants. However is such a large amount
of anti oxidant good or bad? Too much of a good thing is often a bad thing so one might question whether chaga is really that valuable for health.
We just report the available information below and you will have to decide as there is no current scientific information we can find in the US to support these claims.
For the past fourty (40) years 1,600 modern scientific studies have demonstrated
and proven the pharmacological effects for the immune, hormonal and central
nervous system. Siberian Chaga is neither a plant or animal yet its DNA make
up is thirty (30%) per cent closer to humans than plants. Classified
scientifically as: Basidiomycetes mushrooms to which there are approximately
200 species have demonstrated medicinal values. Siberian Chaga is far and
above any other Basidiomycetes. Siberian Chaga contains the highest value
ever recorded in the ORAC Scale and is over 40,000 times more potent in
antioxidants than the closest natural product in foods or essential oils.
Siberian Chaga Studies Include:
1. Cancer research: a) breast, b) lung, c) stomach d) melanoma and e) bone.
3. HIV and Immune Compromised diseases
6. Cardiovascular Diseases
7. Pneumonia and Lung Disorders
Chaga has been researched as an antiviral, anti-tumor for breast and uterine
and other cancers, diabetes, Immunity/Longevity (increasing vital force and
strengthen the immune system), as an immune Amphoteric, for reducing the
blood pressure, and slowing down heart rate.
Chronic bronchitis or any other infection is a sign of weakened immune systems.
Kahlos K, Kangas L, Hiltunen R. Antitumor activity of some compounds and
fractions from an n-hexane extract of Inonotus obliquus in vitro Acta Pharm
Fennica 1987; 96: 3340
Burczyk J, Gawron A, Slotwinska M, Smietana B, Terminska K. Antimitotic activity
of aqueous extracts of Inonotus obliquus Boll Chim Farm 1996; 135:
Babitskaya VG, Scherba VV, Ikonnikova NV, Bisko NA, Mitropolskaya NY. Melanin
complex from medicinal mushroom Inonotus obliquus (Pers.:Fr.) Pilat (Chaga)
(Aphyllophoromycetidae) Int J Med Mushrooms 2002; 4: 13945
Chaga (inonotus obliquus) is a woody mushroom that grows on birch trees with
a black, scarred outer surface that looks like burnt charcoal with a light
brown interior. While it can and does occur on white birch trees in parts
of Canada, Japan, and northern Scandinavia, Chaga is primarily found in Russia,
where the highest quality specimens are considered to come from the black
birch trees of Siberia. Most often consumed in a hot tea mixture, Chaga has
been used as a traditional folk medicine in Russia and Eastern Europe since
at least the fifteen hundreds for a variety of diseases, including stomach
pain, ulcers, asthma, bronchitis, liver problems, and even cancer.
After being ignored for hundreds of years by Western pharmacologists, Chaga
is currently enjoying a resurgence as a possible treatment for a wide variety
of diseases and health problems, including chronic fatigues syndrome, the
flu, stomach problems, and even HIV and certain types of cancer. Recent studies
in the U.S., Russia, and other countries have shown Chaga to have anti-tumor
benefits related to the mammary glands and female sex organs; studies in
Finland have demonstrated that inotodial, one of the most active ingredients
in Chaga, was effective against influenza and various cancer cells; and Japanese
research not only found similar antiviral activity, but also discovered that
Chaga shows activity against HIV (protease inhibition). Chaga has even been
classified as a medicinal mushroom under World Trade Organization (WTO) codes.
Siberian Chaga Mushroom uses and the Scientific Evidence for
Melanin Complex from Medicinal Mushroom Inonotus obliquus (Pers.: Fr.) Pilat
To view extracts of published research findings on the web,
This wood-rotting fungus has been used as a folk medicine in many East European
countries including Russia, to treat gastritis, ulcers, tuberculosis (TB)
of the bones, and cancer. The inner brown layer closest to the tree is the
portion of the fungus most often used. Medical research has shown Chaga to
be effective as an anti-tumor agent. In 1958, scientific studies in Finland
and Russia found this mushroom provided an epochal effect in uterine,
liver, breast, and gastric cancer, and hypertension and diabetes.
The post-antibiotic world of Western Medicine is now beginning to study,
evaluate, and test Chaga for the active compounds underlying its historically
understood homeopathic benefits. As with many other natural medicinal foods
and herbs, the modern medical and scientific community is coming to understand
that whole supplements like Chaga, offer a complex balance of active compounds,
delivery mineral structures, and co-agents, more effective to sustaining
a healthy immune balance than isolated compounds synthesized from these natural
The primary active compounds discovered in Siberian Chaga are a variety of
triterpenes and sterols including Lanosterol, Ergosterol Inotodials, Saponins,
and Polysaccharides. Modern research is now beginning to demonstrate that
these compounds are effective for human maladies treated by folk medicine
practitioners with natural products, without toxic side-effect, for millennia.
Arguably, the most well known western research conducted on the use of Chaga
has been performed by Dr. Kirsti Kahlos and her team at School of Pharmacology,
at the University of Helsinki, Finland. Dr. Kahlos team conducted studies
validating the immuno-modulating impact of Lanosterol-linked triterpenes
effective as a flu-vaccination and for anti-tumor applications. Institutional
studies at the University of Tokyo, Japan have determined effectiveness of
Inotodials in the destruction of certain cancerous carcinosarcomas and mammary
adenocarcinomas. The Melanin complex produced by the Chaga mushroom demonstrates
high antioxidant and genoprotective effects ( Melanin Complex from Medicinal
Mushroom Inonotus Obliquus, Journal of Medical Mushrooms, 2002, vol. 4) .
The polysaccharide beta-glucan, also present in Chaga, is proven to be effective
at inhibiting mutagenic and immuno-modulating effects of cancerous tumors
by triggering immune system response ( SP Wasser, 2002, Institute of Evolution,
University of Haifa, Israel).
Mushrooms are a flavorful and nutritious food group. Good sources of B-Vitamins
Thiamine, Riboflavin and Niacin. They contain all the essential amino acids.
Mushrooms have also been used for thousands of years as some of the most
effective, yet benign, of many plants that formed the Oriental herbal tradition.
Garuda International offers more than ten species of the highest quality
mushroom extract powders available in the world today. Some are certified
organically grown and some have standardized levels of active compounds.
These are perfect powdered materials for formulating immune system boosting
dietary supplements and natural cosmetics. Chaga (Inonotus obliquus) is a
highly prized medicinal fungus that has been used in Siberian folk medicine
as a cleansing and disinfecting substance, often used to treat stomach
discomforts. It is a parasitic fungus growing on birch, alder, beech and
other hardwood trees throughout North America and Europe. The fungus produces
a thick mass on the trunks of trees sometimes measuring up to 40 cm thick
and 1.5 meters in length. Folk medicine practitioners have traditionally
removed these masses from the trees and prepared teas and other decoctions
for the treatment of diseases ranging from stomach diseases, intestinal worms,
liver and heart ailments and cancers. More recent pharmacological studies
using Chaga in Poland, Russia, and the U.S.A. have shown anti-tumor activity
related to the mammary glands and female sexual organs. Much of this research
was carried out in Finland by researchers at the School of Pharmacy, University
of Helsinki. The most active compound, inotodiol, has shown activity against
influenza viruses A and B, and various cancer cells. Studies in Japan have
also confirmed antiviral activity, (inhibition of the protease enzyme of
Chaga is rich in triterpenes. The main compounds are lanosterol-type triterpenes
related to inotodiol. Other compounds isolated from Chaga include betulin,
polysaccharides, and soluble lignins.
Today, we use modern extraction techniques to concentrate the active components
from the fungal masses. The highest quality fungal cankers are removed from
birch trees (betula pubescens) in eastern europe, cleaned and shipped to
north america where they are sorted. Chaga is extracted using a proprietary
process that concentrates the active compounds. The finished powdered extract
is standardized to a minimum 0.15% inotodiol content.
Mushroom extracts can be considered some of the first nutraceuticals - food
concentrated into medicinal form. Garuda's extracts are carefully produced
according to gmp standards from select raw materials. Many of our extracts
are standardized to contain guaranteed levels of active compounds.
Chaga extract powder can be used to formulate various types of dietary supplement
tablets and capsules. The powder can also be included in herbal tea blends.
Chaga can also be blended with other medicinal mushroom extracts and powders
from different species such as garuda's reishi (ganoderma lucidum), shiitake
(lentinula edodes) or maitake (grifola frondosa).
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lucidum spore preparations in 10 cases of atrophic myotonia. J. Trad. Chin.
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mushroom and its potential use. Cesk. Farm. 42:160-166., Sharon, T.M. 1988.
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Willard, T. 1990. Reishi Mushroom. Herb of Spiritual Potency and Medical
Wonder. Issaquah: Sylvan Press., Yang, Q.Y. & S.C. Jong. 1989. Medicinal
mushroom in China. Mushroom Science. XII. (Part I): 631-643. Proceeding of
the Twelft International Congress on the Science and Cultivation of Edible
Fungi. From K. Grabbe and O. Hilber (eds.). Braunschweig - Germany: Institue
für Bodenbiologie, Bundesforschungsanstolt für Londwirtschoft.,
Ying, J. et al. 1987. Icones of Medicinal Fungi From China. Translated by
X. Yuehan. Beijing: Science Press., Yoshioka, Y. et al. 1973. Studies on
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Revision Date: 08/23/2004
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